Post Conflict Urban Strategies: ROTTERDAM

Rotterdam faced its darker days because of the German bombardment in 1946. In one night most of the inner city was destroyed. Before the bombardment there were different urban patterns. While designing the city again it was a tabula Rosa. Different strategies for different urban areas were determined. The city centre was completely rebuilt on a grid system, in functionalist Read More …

War and Architecture

Architecture is always a part of life. Places and spaces, we live in are product of architecture.  Creating alternative spaces, emotions, experiences are our elements. That’s why we can search for architectural components and experiences in all fields of life. Also, in war see the glace of creation for space in a whole different purpose. The elements of military architecture Read More …

The Dichotomy Between the Old & The New Concept & Context

There are different approaches to protecting the old and creating the new according to conservation terms. There are lots of approaches but following four are the main ones. First one is preservation, which is keeping the old one as it is and repearing it with historical materials. Second one is rehabilitation which is keeping the historical property and assigning new Read More …

War and the City within a Historical Perspective

According to oxford dictionary, the definition of war is; “A state of armed conflict between different countries or different groups within a country.” (https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/war) With respect to this definition and the historical examples, war and the city have a strong relationship. Cities always took an essential role in the warfare; sometimes as a battlefield sometimes as a target and sometimes even Read More …

Security and The City From Planning, Design and Management Perspective

Place-based crime prevention strategies focus upon the crime site – the spatial aspects of a target and the specific location of crime. Place-based crime prevention strategy, crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) emerged as an independent theory in the mid-twentieth century. CPTED asserts that the proper design and effective use of the built environment can lead to a reduction in Read More …

Conflict Visualisation

Throughout the history, war in the city has been represented with different ways. Different materials and different data have been used in these representation techniques. There are six different representation techniques: Pictorial, Cartographic, Diagrammatic, Narrative, Photographic and Cinematic Representations. Pictorial Representation This technique were used generally in old times and generally they represented the during war times. Some of these Read More …

Phenomenon and Ontology of War

Trying to explain the phenomenology of war triggers a lot of important questions which need to be answered to reach a significant conclusion. A general perception of war would define it as (a ‘war event’) an occurrence of purposive and lethal violence between two or more social groups pursuing conflicting political goals that results in fatalities, with at least one Read More …

Typology of War & Changing Paradigms of Warfare

Study made through a specification of four basic generations according to changing paradigms that are taken as break point which change the characteristics of war and warfare. Changing strategies, tactics, typologies and actors that were shaped by these paradigms throughout history. Spatial features of battlefields, the changing position of cities in the battles and the impact of wars on urban Read More …